Government

Country name

Conventional long form        : Republic of Indonesia
Conventional short form      : Indonesia 
Local long form                     : Republik Indonesia 
Local short form                   : Indonesia 
Former                                   : Netherlands East Indies, Dutch East Indies

Government type

Republic

Capital

Name                                      : Jakarta 
Geographic coordinates        : 6.1805° S, 106.8283° E
Time difference                     : UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard
Time) 
Note                                        : Indonesia is divided into three time zones

Administrative divisions

31 provinces (provinsi-provinsi, singular - provinsi), 2 special regions* (daerah-daerah istimewa, singular - daerah istimewa), and 1 special capital city district** (daerah khusus ibukota); Aceh*, Bali, Banten, Bengkulu, Gorontalo, Jakarta Raya**, Jambi, Jawa Barat (West Java), Jawa Tengah (Central Java), Jawa Timur (East Java), Kalimantan Barat (West Kalimantan), Kalimantan Selatan (South Kalimantan), Kalimantan Tengah (Central Kalimantan), Kalimantan Timur (East Kalimantan), Kalimantan Utara (North Kalimantan), Kepulauan Bangka Belitung (Bangka Belitung Islands), Kepulauan Riau (Riau Islands), Lampung, Maluku, Maluku Utara (North Maluku), Nusa Tenggara Barat (West Nusa Tenggara), Nusa Tenggara Timur (East Nusa Tenggara), Papua, Papua Barat (West Papua), Riau, Sulawesi Barat (West Sulawesi), Sulawesi Selatan (South Sulawesi), Sulawesi Tengah (Central Sulawesi), Sulawesi Tenggara (Southeast Sulawesi), Sulawesi Utara (North Sulawesi), Sumatera Barat (West Sumatra), Sumatera Selatan (South Sumatra), Sumatera Utara (North Sumatra), Yogyakarta* 
Note: following the implementation of decentralization beginning on 1 January 2001, regencies and municipalities have become the key administrative units responsible for providing most government services

Independence

17 August 1945 (declared); 27 December 1949 (recognized by the Netherlands); note - in August 2005 the Netherlands announced that it had recognized de facto Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945

National holiday

Independence Day, 17 August (1945)

Constitution

August 1945; abrogated by Federal Constitution of 1949 and Provisional Constitution of 1950, restored 5 July 1959; series of amendments concluded in 2002

Legal system

Civil law system based on the Roman-Dutch model and influenced by customary law

International law organization participation

has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt

Suffrage

17 years of age; universal and married persons regardless of age

Executive branch

Chief of state: President JOKO WIDODO (since 20 October 2014); Vice President JUSUF KALLA (since 20 October 2014); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government 
Head of government: President JOKO WIDODO (since 20 October 2014); Vice President JUSUF KALLA (since 20 October 2014)
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president named KABINET KERJA
Elections: president and vice president elected for five-year terms (eligible for a second term) by direct vote of the citizenry; election last held on 9 July 2014 (next to be held on April 2019) 
Election results: JOKO WIDODO elected president; percent of vote - JOKO WIDODO – JUSUF KALLA 53.15%, PRABOWO - HATTA 46.85%

Legislative branch

People's Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat or MPR) is the upper house; it consists of members of the DPR and DPD and has role in inaugurating and impeaching the president and in amending the constitution but does not formulate national policy; House of Representatives or Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR) (560 seats, members elected to serve five-year terms), formulates and passes legislation at the national level; House of Regional Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah or DPD), constitutionally mandated role includes providing legislative input to DPR on issues affecting regions (136 members, four from each of Indonesia's 31 provinces, two special regions, and one special capital city district) 
Elections: last held on 9 April 2014 (next to be held in 2019) 
Election results: percent of vote by party - PDIP 18.95%, GOLKAR 14.75%, GERINDRA 11.81%, PARTAI DEMOKRAT 10.9%, PKB 9.04%, PAN 7.59%, PKS 6.79%, NASDEM 6.72%, PPP 6.53%, HANURA 5.26%, others 18.2%; seats by party - PDIP 109, GOLKAR 91, GERINDRA 73, PARTAI DEMOKRAT 61, PAN 49, PKB 47, PKS 40, PPP 39, NASDEM 35, HANURA 16
Note: Other parties received less than 2.5% of the vote so did not obtain any seats; because of election rules, the number of seats won does not always follow the percentage of votes received by parties

Judicial branch

Supreme Court or Mahkamah Agung is the final court of appeal but does not have the power of judicial review (justices are appointed by the president from a list of candidates selected by the legislature); in March 2004 the Supreme Court assumed administrative and financial responsibility for the lower court system from the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights; Constitutional Court or Mahkamah Konstitusi (invested by the president on 16 August 2003) has the power of judicial review, jurisdiction over the results of a general election, and reviews actions to dismiss a president from office; Labor Court under supervision of Supreme Court began functioning in January 2006; the Anti-Corruption Court has jurisdiction over corruption cases brought by the independent Corruption Eradication Commission

Political parties and leaders

Democrat Party or PD [SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO]; Functional Groups Party or GOLKAR [AIRLANGGA HARTANTO]; Great Indonesia Movement Party or GERINDRA [PRABOWO SUBIANTO]; Indonesia Democratic Party-Struggle or PDI-P [MEGAWATI SUKARNOPUTRI]; National Awakening Party or PKB [MUHAIMAN ISKANDAR]; National Mandate Party or PAN [ZULKIFLI HASAN]; People's Conscience Party or HANURA [OESMAN SAPTA ODANG]; Prosperous Justice Party or PKS [MOHAMAD SOHIBUL IMAN]; United Development Party or PPP [MUHAMMAD ROMAHURMUZIY]

Political pressure groups and leaders

Commission for the "Disappeared" and Victims of Violence or KontraS; Indonesia Corruption Watch or ICW; Indonesian Forum for the Environment or WALHI; Islamic Defenders Front or FPI; People's Democracy Fortress or Bendera

International organization participation

ADB, APEC, ARF, ASEAN, BIS, CICA (observer), CP, D-8, EAS, FAO, G-11, G-15, G-20, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, OIC, OPCW, PIF (partner), UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMIL, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the Netherlands

Chief of mission: Ambassador H.E. I GUSTI AGUNG WESAKA PUJA 
Chancery: Tobias Asserlaan 8, 2517KC, The Hague 
Telephone: +31.70.3108100
Fax: +31.70.3643331

Flag description

Two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; the colors derive from the banner of the Majapahit Empire of the 13th-15th centuries; red symbolizes courage, white represents purity. 
Note: similar to the flag of Monaco, which is shorter; also similar to the flag of Poland, which is white (top) and red

National anthem

Name              : "Indonesia Raya" (Great Indonesia) 
Lyrics/music   : WAGE RUDOLF SOEPRATMAN 
Note                : adopted 1945

Group

All, APLAA, East Asia/Southeast Asia, Southeast Asia

 

Tobias Asserlaan 8,
2517 KC Den Haag, Belanda

 

 

www.indonesia.nl

Contact & Services

Office Hour:
Monday - Friday
09.00-13.00 and 14.00-17.00

Pasport / Visa: 
09.00-12.00 (Submission)
15.00-16.00 (Collection) 

Consulair: 
09.00-12.00 (Submission) 
09.00-12.00 (Collection)


The Embassy closes on the Indonesian and Dutch national holidays

Holiday 2019

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