The Introduction of modern tram in Indonesia
Introduction of modern tram in Indonesia :
Considerations regarding establishment of a legal framework and guidelines for modern urban and regional rail systems based on modern tram systems
In the past decades urban public transport in Indonesia got more attention due to the strong growth in traffic. Bus systems have been established. The Transjakarta Busway with its many segregated lanes is the most extensive system. Monorail systems were considered to be a good addition but further development was abandoned. A first MRT system became operational in Jakarta and the first LRT (Light Rapid Transit) systems entered into service (in Jakarta and Palembang) or are still under construction.
Parallel to these developments introduction of modern tramways (light rail) is being discussed in several Indonesian cities as well (Surabaya, Bandung, Semarang and Jakarta) The opportunity to acquire used regional trams from the province of Utrecht in The Netherlands gave a boost to the plan to build a first phase of tram system in Bogor.
The tram system in Bogor would be the first new system after closures of the electric tram systems of Jakarta and Surabaya in the 1960’s. These types of systems were considered not to be appropriate for urban public transport for many years. However, simultaneously cities in many countries (in particular in Europe) retained and upgraded their old systems while in other countries new light rail systems were developed and established.
A first visit to the tram company in Utrecht was made by a delegation of our ministry of Transport in September 2018 to become acquainted with vehicles. To prepare a possible acquisition a delegation comprising the ambassador in The Netherlands, the vice major and representatives of Bogor and a delegation of BPTJ paid a second visit in September 2019 to the tram company of Utrecht and have an audience with the member of the Provincial Executive, responsible for Public Transport
Following this visit a meeting of the delegation as an initiative of BPTJ was held at the KBRI in The Hague in order to prepare a document comprising important aspects and conditions that needs to be considered for authorization of the acquisition by the ministry of Transport.
An important aspect mentioned was to assure reliability regarding the authorization from DGR, also with involvement from the national industry, INKA and LRS. However, for authorization clear regulations are needed including regulations for safety management and assessment. This requires expertise about all aspects of development and operation of light rail. However, criteria for providing the required permit for tram/light rail operation are not clear because no legal framework for tram and light rail exists and no norms and standards have been established in Indonesia.
This back log should be eliminated because it is important for standardization in light rail/tram systems in Indonesia for reduction of costs of development, operation and maintenance. Regulations, norms and standards are also important for tendering procedures because requirements should be clear and uniform for both national and international bidders of products and services and to be independent with regard to foreign proposals.
In the interest of current considerations regarding new light rail systems in Indonesia we strongly recommend to use international expertise and in particular the expertise of countries with the longest experience reflected in comprehensive regulations and guidelines for the development of new light rail systems including clear safety requirements. For the sake of time and costs we should avoid reinventing the wheel.
For the establishment of light rail regulations and the selection of norms and standards it is necessary that stakeholders in the process of planning, development, construction and operation of light rail get familiar with modern light rail/tram. This can be achieved with illustrations regarding international development of variants of light rail in the field of infrastructure, rolling stock and various systems.
The aim is to achieve sufficient expertise for the establishment of future light rail systems in Indonesia. For the required new light rail regulations and selection of standards and norms lessons can be learned from countries developing new light rail systems for the first time which will help to select the most appropriate approach taking into account with the Indonesian conditions.
An approach is proposed based on the objective to establish comprehensive regulations regarding all major aspects of light rail in all phases from development to operation including technology, operation and maintenance, management and safety. For this work we propose to create a project organization under responsibility of DGR with support of potential stakeholders.
The discussion will be held on 24 September 2020 at 15.00 WIB (10.00 am CET)
The discussion will be held in virtual format (zoom meeting)
In attached annex an overview of the many aspects is presented that can be identified from the planning and development to operation of light rail systems. The aim is that, depending on the subject, applicable aspects and their interdependencies will be reflected in the following presentations:
“Considerations regarding Conversion of BRT Koridors to Light Rail in Jakarta”
A sustainability point of view
“New Regulations and Guidelines for Light Rail Systems ”
Establishment based on a historical point of view
Ir. Leo H. Haring
“Opportunities regarding Introduction of Light Rail for urban and regional Public Transport in Indonesian Cities and Regions”
An academic point of view
Prof. Ir. Harun Al Rasyid S. Lubis, M.Sc, Ph.D.
- 2020-09-24 10:00 - 12:00